Author Archives: Ranga.nr

This site caters to the needs of students. Being an assistant professor, the material is designed with the student in mind. You can add us on Twitter @studyread


Types of Pollution | Their Causes and extent of Damage

Pollution definition: It is unconcerned and uncontrolled contamination of limited natural resources available for safe survival of living beings including humans. Its untoward effects are detrimental for healthy survival and also the contamination in most cases is not completely reversible. In short, it is defined as contamination of the natural environment with pollutants hazardous to human […]

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What is the Function of Mitochondria | 10 Important Points

mitochondria characteristics

Mitochondria is one of the vital cell organelles present inside the cell. Eukaryotic cell has at least one or more number of mitochondria depending on the requirement. But, those cells with high physiological activity posses a higher number of mitochondria. For example muscle cells and nerve cells have large number of them per cell. Similarly, those organs with low physiological activity have […]

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Composition of the Cell Membrane and Functions

The main functions of cell membrane are cell Protection Transport and Communication Cell membrane definition can be read as “the outermost membranous covering of the cell which is made of lipid bilayer with selective permeability.” cell membrane is the outer most part of the cell present in all the living beings. Since t is a […]

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5 Types of Elisa | Their Differences and Principle Explained

Types of Elisa

The term ELISA in full form is an Enzyme linked immuno-sorbitent assay. Besides Western Blotting, elisa is one of the distinguished and widely used types of immunoassays. It is extensively used techniques in microbiology due to the advantages like rapidity or speed in experimentation, unlike radioimmunoassay. Further, it has greater sensitivity and specificity for the smaller amount of test […]

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Elisa Protocol | Step by step procedure of Elisa test technique

Elisa Protocol is a sequential and has orderly procedure to be followed out in carrying the test. Elisa test is an immunoassay which relies on interaction between specific antibody and antigen. For detailed principle check “ELISA TEST PRINCPLE“. For this factors like time of reaction, interfering substances, temperature, pH, buffer composition, treatment, washing’s play an important role […]

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Function of Carbohydrates: Physiological Importance in Body

functions of carbohydrates

Carbohydrates have prominent physiological importance in the body. Without them, there exists no physiology in the body and also life on the earth. After water and protein, they comprise the most abundant matter in the body and are significant nutrients of the body. The carbohydrate chemistry is comprised of 3 elements viz. carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. So […]

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How to Write a Research Paper Yourself

Writing a research paper or an article is a typical experience especially for an amateur. Having a published research paper is an accomplishment in scientific or academic career. It may be a bit difficult task to write  a research paper for a beginner because One finds it difficult to read research scientific papers in one go. So, there is a […]

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How to Read a Scientific Journal Article ? in Short Time Effectively.

Research articles are read by scientists, academic faculty, doctors, pharmacists, college students with aspiration for science with interest to know recent documented happenings in science and technology. There are thousands of scientific journals worldwide and each journal may have thousands of research articles. So when you intend to read some of them related to your subject of […]

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