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Category Archives for "Chemistry"

Chemistry is the science of study of matter in finest sense, its interactions and existence.

Alcohol Reactions in Organic Chemistry and Synthesis

alcohol reactions

The alcoholic functional group is the –OH or hydroxyl group attached to a carbon atom. Alcohol contains one or more hydroxyl groups directly attached to the carbon atom of an aliphatic chain. When the hydroxyl is attached to a carbon atom in an aromatic system, it is known as phenol. Alcohols are acidic in nature […]

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Potassium Properties, Reactions and Uses

Potassium Properties

Potassium has an atomic number 19 and is located in group 1 of the s-block. It is located in the fourth period. It is classified under alkali earth metals as it belongs to group one. Though potassium is very abundant in nature, it is usually never found in the free state due to its high […]

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Beryllium Metal Properties, Reactions and Uses

Beryllium has an atomic number 4 and is the first element of the 2nd group of the periodic table. It is classified as an alkaline earth metal. Beryllium is a comparatively rare element. It can be found in many gemstones. It has an atomic mass of 9.012 u and is represented by Be. Beryllium is […]

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Examples of a Pure Substance in Our Daily Life

Examples of a Pure Substance

A pure substance is one which is made up of a same type of molecule.And in real life we come across very few examples of pure substances. A substance can be said to be pure if it has a homogeneous appearance and an uniform color throughout its matter. These materials are very hard to find […]

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Atomic structure | Models and Experiments in Detail

atomic structure

At the initial point of the 19th century, a British chemist John Dalton proposed the atomic theory. This could successfully explain the law of conservation of mass and constant proportion.  However since he considered atoms to be indivisible, his theories couldn’t be used to explain many chemical phenomena. By the end of the 19th and […]

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Uses of Hydrochloric acid |In Industry, Home and Daily life

uses of hydrochloric acid

Hydrochloric acid also called as muriatic acid is represented as HCl. This acid is a monobasic mineral acid which means every molecule releases only one hydrogen atom when it is dissolved in water, and it gets ionized.The hydrochloric acids uses include To make aqua regia To generate Hydrogen gas In manufacture of inorganic chemicals. In […]

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Difference between Ion and Atom

Ions of sodium and chloride in water

The difference between ion and atom are given in the table below. But before that one needs to be clear of what is an atom and ion. Atom is the basic unit of matter. A group of atoms makes up matter. These atoms have a nucleus, with protons and neutrons in it. This nucleus is […]

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