What is science? A question which many of us can answer and define. In short, it is a subject that describes the principles & laws of nature in an experimentally proven way.
The usage of science has gone to such an extent that it is
a. An accepted way to explain nature.
b. A recommended procedure to experiment on nature.
c. The best way to explore nature for human advantage. Ex: Recognition of mines and minerals inside the earth’s crusts through the use of satellites for exploitation. Detection of changes in the weather forecast for social safety from calamities.
d. A method to apply principles of nature for human benefit. Ex: Manufacturing of insulin, vaccines like essential biologicals for health care by recombinant DNA technology.
Science has gained immense value as it made many possibilities that early man could not imagine. It has reduced human effort and raised the comfort & standards of living. It even helped increase the yield of crops, meat, milk, etc. Further, it also helped protect man from an untimely death due to diseases.
In one way, science is a modern marvel and wonders without which human life in the present generation is unimaginable.
But this science also has immense limitations, which seem to never be overcome by so-called scientists.
What are the limitations of science:
1. Science demands experimental or observable proof. And these proofs are within the perspective of 5 sense organs. i.e., science requires proofs visible by any of these senses like visibility, noise, taste, odor, touch, etc.
Science never seems to go beyond these senses. There are many things science can’t explain about death, feelings like love, anger, jealousy, emotional reactions, etc.
2. It tries to open and explore a path but never knows how to close or dismantle:
There are so many nuclear weapons in the world that all together combined can destroy the earth by 2000 times. But scientists do not know how to neutralize or dismantle them safely.
It is the cause of the huge amount of plastic and other environmental pollution but has no way to remove them.
3. It always has some side effects or associated problems which always seem troublesome. Ex: radiation effects of cell phones which lead to the disappearance of honey bees, sparrows, etc. Side effects due to medicine usage in treatment for a certain disorder. These associated problems are equally harmful to the benefits they provide.
4. It always takes a shortcut to reach a focus: Ex: In health care, the body is treated as different systems like nephrology, neurology, etc. But the same science discovered that a single male and female gamete forms a single-celled zygote. This zygote which is a single cell, multiplies to form the embryo and then forms the entire body with billions of cells.
All the cells have the same origin, but their function differs at different locations in the same body. But still, all the cells function in mutual harmony. When a person has diabetes, science refers to it as a sickness of only pancreatic cells. But in fact, it should be seen that all the cells and organs might have got deranged to a certain extent. So the aim should be to correct the whole problem and not just mitigate the malady of pancreatic cells alone.
5. Every answer it gives has many new questions with it. Every solution science delivers adds further questions and further inquiry to the scientists.
6. The best of the theories of science sometimes prove to be a failure. Some of the principles of science that are accepted by the whole scientific world seem to not functioning at certain levels.
→For example, Newton’s law of gravity holds good only to a certain extent in the universe. It is found that the law of gravity is not obeyed at certain higher levels of astrophysics.
→Even science believes in the theory of evolution, which means the first single-celled microbes were born and then progressively higher animals came into existence. But how come the malarial parasite, a single-celled organism that lives only in mosquito, monkey, and a man, emerges? If it had emerged well before along with other microbes, then how did it survive without mosquito, monkey, and man on the earth. 🙂
7. It tries to explain things finitely while universal principles seem to be infinite: Science works to imply a principle for everything, saying it is finite and there is nothing more than this. But still, the universe is full of new surprises daily for science to explain.
At the end of the day still, science lags way much behind in understanding the universal creation and principles.