Category Archives for "Microbiology"

Microbiology is the subject which deals with study of microbes and their effects on the body. It also tells how to handle the microorganisms for human use

15 Differences between antigen and antibody

Differences between antigen and antibody

Antigen is a immunogenic portion present on the foreign cell or substance. To combat that antigen or foreign cell, our body’s immune system produces antibodies. Differences between antigen and antibody Sl.No Properties Antigen Antibody 1 Name Anti – AgainstGen – Generate/ formation Anti – AgainstBody-Against the body 2 Other names Also called as Immunogens. Also […]

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Production of Monoclonal Antibodies | 5 Steps and Applications

Production of Monoclonal Antibodies

Monoclonal antibodies are set of antibodies which are target specific against a single source of antigen. A recent development in cell biology has allowed the fusion of different cells to form a “hybrid’ cell, which expresses the properties of both parental cell lines. The fusing agent can be a defective virus (Sendai virus that characteristically […]

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Bacteria vs Virus |15 Points on their Differences

Bacteria vs Virus

Here we will see bacteria vs virus differences in terms of structure, habits, parasitic nature and other features. Bacteria vs Virus Sl.No Character Bacteria Virus 1 Live Organism Yes they are Living Intermediate between living and nonliving. Inside host live 2 Cell Single-celled organism A-cellular (no cell) just a particle 3 Size Bigger in size, […]

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Voges Proskauer Test | Principle, Procedure and Application of VP test

It is called the VP test, it is one of the tests for the identification of bacteria. In 1898, Voges and Proskauer, a German bacteriologist, first observed the production of red color in the cultures grown in specific media after the addition of potassium hydroxide. But later Harden revealed that red color was due to […]

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Types of Immune Cells | Their Role in Body Defense

Types of Immune Cells

There are different types of immune cells in the body like Lymphocytes Monocytes and macrophages Basophils Neutrophils Eosinophils The cells of the immune system attack the disease-causing agents like microorganisms, parasites and prevent infections. Some of the cells work by neutralization of foreign material. While others eat and destroy the disease-causing microbes. But few of […]

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Sterilization Validation | Protocol and Process

Sterilization aims to destroy all the viable forms of microbes. This process is done on routine basis in industry for many products. So to check the efficiency and effectiveness of sterilization, some probes are used to verify it. This is called validation of sterilization. This is done for all methods of sterilization. However, there are […]

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Steam Sterilization | Its Principle and Process Using Autoclave

steam sterilization

Steam sterilization is one of the widely used and dependable methods of sterilization. It is fast, inexpensive and applicable to wide range of products. Sterilization is a process of removal of all the viable forms of organisms from a substance. This mostly is meant to eradicate any living microorganisms in drug formulations, food materials, cosmetics […]

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