The pancreas is one of the important glands in our body.
It is a left side organ located just below the stomach opening into the duodenum.
It is a dual type of gland i.e. unlike other glands it has both exocrine and endocrine functions.
The endocrine gland part of pancreas secretes hormones like insulin, glucagon etc.
Insulin and glucagon maintain blood glucose levels.
While the exocrine part of it secretes enzymes through pancreatic duct directly into the small intestine.
5. Phospholipase A2
6. Lysophospholipase or phospholipase B
7. Cholesterol esterase.
All of the above enzymes help in digestion of food and the absorption of nutrients.
Amylase: Is the enzyme which breaks down carbohydrates like sucrose, fructose, and starch. The end product of this breakdown is glucose which is easily absorbed by the gut.
Trypsin & Chymotrypsin: Breaks down proteins from food into peptides and amino acids. These amino acids are easily absorbed into the blood from the gut.
Lipase: Helps in the breakdown of lipids and fats into fatty acids and glycerols for easy absorption.
Phospholipase: They help in the breakdown of cell membranes into arachidonic acids.
Phospholipase B: This enzyme cleaves acyl portions of the phospholipids.
Cholesterol esterase: This enzyme catalyzes the cholesterol esters to unesterified cholesterol and free fatty acids.
Nucleases: These enzymes as the name indicates are meant for digestion of nucleotide molecule of DNA and RNA.