Herbivores vs Carnivores
|1||Nomenclature||The term ‘herbivores’ comes from the Latin word ‘herba’ means green plants. Herbivores are plant eaters||The term carnivores come from the Latin word ‘carni’ means|
flesh. Basically, carnivores are flesh-eating animals
|2||Food||Herbivores are those animals|
whose primary food is green
plants or vegetation.
|Carnivores are those animals who consume the flesh of other|
animals as their food.
|3||Teeth||Herbivores possess flat, spade-|
like canines and dull, short
incisors that help them to grind
plant leaves, seeds, and grains.
|Carnivores have long pointed sharp incisors that assist them in|
tearing their prey’s flesh.
|4||Mouth size||The herbivores have small mouth opening which only resists these animals to eat plants and grains.|
The mouth opening is relatively
smaller than the size of their
|The mouth opening in carnivores is larger and has a relatively|
bigger ratio than their skull size.
|5||Chewing||Herbivores undergo extensive|
chewing to grind well the high
fiber plant food.
|Carnivores undergo less chewing and can swallow the food as a|
|6||Salivary enzymes||The saliva of herbivores hosts|
carbohydrate digesting enzymes
to break large lumps of rich
|The saliva of carnivores does not have any digestive enzymes.|
|7||Digestive tract||The digestive tract of herbivores is longer than carnivores. This is because of the presence of a large amount of fiber in the diet, which is complex to digest.||The digestive tract of carnivores is typically short and simple due|
to the fact that meat is easily digested.
|8||Stomach type||The stomach is either simple or has multiple chambers, e.g.,|
|The stomach is simple here|
|9||Stomach capacity||The stomach of herbivores|
comprises less than 30% of the total volume of the digestive tract.
|The stomach of carnivores comprises 60%-70% of the total volume of the digestive tract.|
|10||Excretion||Excretion is through kidneys and produces moderately concentrated urine.||Excretion is through kidneys but produces extensively concentrated urine.|
|11||Facial muscles||The facial muscles in herbivores are well developed.||The facial muscles of carnivores are reduced to allow a larger mouth opening.|
|12||Jaw type||The jaws in herbivores are in|
|The carnivore’s jaws are angled but not expanded.|
|13||Jaw movements||The jaw motion has no shear and has motion side to side and front to back.||The jaw motion has shear, and the motion is minimal. The only side to side motion is present.|
|14||Nails||Herbivores have flattened nails|
and blunt hooves
|Carnivores have razor-sharp claws instead of hooves to tear apart their prey’s skin and hold it firmly.|
|15||Examples of animals||Deer, cows, goats, elephants,|
horses, giraffes, pandas, sheep, mules, etc.
|Cats, lions, tigers, toads, snakes, crocodiles, dogs, hyenas, jackals, wolves, etc.|