Forest are places with dense growth of tress and plants.
They have their own natural environment with many types of plants and animals living well.
Previously the land mass was occupied by forests to large extent
But now one can see forests mostly in movies and you-tube videos.
There is widespread deforestation in the name of development and recreation.
More and more forest land is converted into agriculture land by the governments.
Forests have many advantages to the life on earth and also we humans.
The importance of forests can be seen in the recent time when there is much change in temperatures all over the globe.
The seasonal and climatic fluctuations are also due to deforestation.
Forests mean an ecosystem of plants and animals.
And it is said even man once upon a time lived in forests.
He then vacated it to make villages and towns.
Now the present scenario is there are more towns and cities than forests.
Importance of Forests is as below.
Bring Rainfall: Forests are responsible for rains on the land. Due to forests, the clouds get cooled and convert to rainwater. So one can notice heavy rainfall in the areas of forests and around. Forests slower the monsoon currents (winds) and let the clouds move slower over land. They also provide a suitable low temperature for the water vapor in the clouds to convert into water droplets and cause rain. Hence there are no rains in the deserts.
Prevent Soil erosion: Soil erosion is an everyday natural activity happening due to winds and floods. Growing forests help minimize this soil erosion in the nearby farms. The importance of soil is too much that we cannot afford to lose the fertile top layers. This layer of soil is essential to grow crops and trees.
Reduce the effect of natural calamities: In case of the natural disasters like the tsunami, floods, hurricanes, cyclonic winds. Presence of abundant forests helps us minimize the effects of these disasters. Hence when there was tsunami disaster, the areas with many trees at the seashore had less damage than regions without any trees.
Home for animals (Ecosystem):
Forests are some of the safest and comfortable homes for animals and birds. Many animals, birds can dwell peacefully in forests as it is a natural home for them.
They even find sufficient food for the day and together with their herds or groups. Forests are heaven for animals nowadays.
Minimize the pollution: It reduces air, sound and even thermal pollution. Forest have many plants and trees. The wind on the earth moves from one place to another. Similarly, the gas and air pollution diffuses to all over the air and get less severe. Presence of forest nearby helps these pollutants to be absorbed from the air.
Economic importance: Forest has a significant economic influence. Sometimes the economy of a region depends mostly on forests. Forests provide many natural resources which are of excellent value for money. For example in the recent times, the red sandalwood from the jungles have been found to be of immense value, and the authorities are planning to capitalize the sale of the wood to run the government welfare schemes for the people. Similarly, in other countries, the presence of rainforests attract a lot of tourists.
Some of the notable examples of reserves with economic importance are
Medicine: Many plant drugs like cinchona, cinnamon, eucalyptus, etc. are grown in the forest .
Though smaller medicinal plants are grown by farming, drugs from large trees are available from forests alone. The medicines procured by this method are mostly, alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, etc. Besides one can also get essential oils.
Wood for Furniture: Forests are the sole reserve for best woods needed for furniture. There are many kinds of woods for different purposes like insect repellent ones (neem), red sandal, teak, etc. can be found in forests.
Honey: This is a sugary liquid produced by honey bees after consuming nectar from flowers. It is widely used in medicine, ice-creams, sweets and other confectionery. It is mostly obtained by cultivation using honey bees in controlled boxes. But honey from the wild forest has its taste and strength than the farmer made one.
Insect Wax: Lac insect produces this. They are found in forests, and the lac isolated is used for cosmetics and also a dye.
Nowadays many forests are exploited as picnic spots. Though this may be disturbing to the native animals and people, still the governments encourage it for tourism revenue. There are various picnic and holiday packages offered to spend time in the midst of forests.