There are many uses of flowers that grow on the plants. These include
- Food production
- Source of honey
- Source of medicine
- Help in pollination and crop yield
- Give beauty to the surroundings
- Provide Perfumes and scents
- To prepare dyes
- Insect repellents
- Support breeding
Flowers are the most beautiful structures on the surface of plants. They are the organs of sexual reproduction in plants. They form as a bud, grow into flower and then convert into fruit after pollination. These flowers have many uses to man, animals and the ecosystem around
Uses of flowers to man
Man has been fascinated with flowers for their fragrance, color, beauty, and feel. For the man, a flower is a symbol of love, holiness, and also a good omen. The flowers are used as
1. Source of food
All the vegetarian food materials we consume are products of flowers.
As you might have known, the flower has female gamete in their ovaries which get fertilized and converts to fruit. These fruits also contain seeds.
We consume those fruits and seeds as our regular diet.
Examples of fruits include grapes, mango, orange, apples, cucumber, tomato, etc.
Examples of seeds include wheat, rice, maize, grams, nuts, etc.
Examples of flowers that we eat include cauliflower.
2. Source of honey
Honey is formed by the honey bees from the nectar which is collected from the flowers.
It is a sweet liquid deposited into the honeycombs. These honeycombs are filled with honey by the worker honey bees.
Honey bees visit the flowers, suck up the nectar and reach the comb. The nectar undergoes changes in the bee and is released as honey.
This honey is used for various purposes like in medicine preparation, food, sweetening agents.
Due to its contents like phenols and antioxidants, it is used for health purposes.
3. Source of medicine
Flowers are also a good source of plant medicine. An anticancer drug-like vincristine an alkaloid is produced from flowers and other parts of the plant.
Besides, medicine like atropine, Hyoscyamus, essential oils like eugenol, menthol is obtained from flowers.
|Plant flower||Medicinal Uses|
|Vinca rosea||For cancers|
|Datura||Anticholinergic drugs for spam relief|
|Clove bud||Dental analgesia, antioxidant|
|Henbane||To relieve muscle spasm.|
|Mentha||Removes gas by belching.|
4. Perfumes and scent
Flowers have some or other sort of odor. But most plants have flowers with fragrance.
These essential oils are a mixture of volatile oils. They can be extracted by the solvent extraction method or by steam distillation, Supercritical fluid extraction, ultrasound methods, etc.
Examples of such flowers include rose, jasmine, marigold, Hollyhock, etc.
Flowers are widely used by humans for decoration. Be it in places of worship, marriage ceremonies, flower bouquet for greetings, etc. flowers are regularly used.
Their attractiveness, fragrance, and color give them a prominent place in human daily life. No major ceremony would be complete without flowers.
Flower parts are also a source of natural dyes. Unlike synthetic dyes, these are less harmful for regular use.
The flowers for dye extraction include saffron, safflower, Lupinus, etc.
|Dye / Color||Flower of Plant|
|Red / purple||Hibiscus|
7. Insect repellents
Insect repellents have one of the biggest markets. We need insect repellents to keep mosquitoes, cockroaches, houseflies away.
Synthetic insecticides like organophosphorus poisons have a lethal effect on humans and other animals.
To minimize this natural insect repellant like pyrethrin is used. This pyrethrin is obtained from the plants of Chrysanthemum Cinerariaefolium.
It has a toxic effect on the respiratory system of insects. Thus, when used at homes or workplaces, we humans are spared of insects bite.
Uses of flowers to plants.
For Sexual reproduction by pollination
The main use of flowers is to help in sexual reproduction by the transfer of male gametes. Flowers give of pollen grains.
This pollen is carried off by the wind, animals, or even water. Once, they reach another flower, the pollen enters the female organ and forms a zygote.
This zygote forms an embryo and then converts into a fruit. These fruits contain seeds that can grow into a new plant when it reaches the soil.
So, a flower acts in sexual reproduction and thereby helps in plant propagation.
Even in agriculture, flowers help in higher yield due to pollination. Hence, male and female plants are given special importance during cultivation.
Uses to Animals and Environment
The uses of flowers also extend to nature. The flowers regulate breeding and support the food cycle.
9. For breeding of Insects and Birds
Flowers provide food in the form of nectar. So, the growth of flowers is good for insects, larva, and also birds. Birds lay eggs and hatch them to give birth to young ones. These young ones need food to grow.
The mother bird tries to fetch some insects roaming around. These insects keep roaming around in search of food. This food is most delicious in the form of nectar from flowers.
So, we can notice, that birds lay eggs when there is a chance for an abundance of insects and larvae. This in turn is dependent on the growth of flowers on the plant. On the whole, the plants support breeding by producing flowers.
10. Beauty to nature
The presence of flowers adds natural beauty to the environment around them. The growth of flowers in plenty keeps the environment lively.
These flowers attract all sorts of animals like birds, cattle, and even men. Hence, the flowering season is celebrated in most parts of the world.