List of metals with their Atomic numbers and Properties

Metals are a set of elements with distinct characters.

The periodic table has a total of 118 elements, and of them, 91 of them are metals.

These metals can be categorized as

  • Alkali metals
  • Alkaline earth metals and
  • Transition metals (including lanthanides and actinides).

So, let us see the list of metals in the above categories.

Alkali Metals

Sl.NoMetal nameAtomic numberProperties
1Lithium3Highly reactive
2Sodium11Major electrolyte
3Potassium19An Electrolyte and essential for plant growth

The alkali metals are in group IA. They are positioned on the far left side of the periodic table.

They are highly reactive elements because of their +1 oxidation state.

Thus, they quickly lose an electron forming an octet in its outer shell (completely filled) and forming compounds.

Examples of Metals

These elements are rarely found in isolated forms in nature due to their highly reactive property.

They predominantly form basic oxides and hydroxides and are hence called alkali metals. They have very low ionization enthalpy (amount of energy needed to lose an electron), so they are very reactive.

These elements, with their atomic numbers, are

Alkaline Earth Metals

The alkaline earth metals are arranged in group IIA of the periodic table. This is the second column of the periodic table after the alkali metal group.

The atoms of all the alkaline earth metals have a +2 oxidation state. They are also quite reactive, like alkali metals, as they can easily lose two electrons to form compounds.

Thus, these elements are found mostly in a compound rather than pure substance form. These alkaline earth metals are quite reactive but are still less than the alkali metals.

They have low ionization energy but more than alkali metals, so they are reactive.

Metal NameAtomic numberProperties
Beryllium4Used in nuclear research
Magnesium12An important element in chlorophyll
Calcium20The main component of bones
Strontium 38
Barium 56
Radium88This is a radioactive element

Basic Metals

The basic metals are those elements that display the characteristics generally associated with the term “metal.”

They are spread over multiple columns/groups. They can conduct heat and electricity.

They also possess a metallic luster and are ductile and malleable. However, these elements also display some nonmetallic characteristics.

While most metals are hard, lead and gallium are soft.

These elements generally have lower melting and boiling points than the transition metals (with some exceptions).

Metal NameAtomic numberProperties
Aluminum13lightweight metal.
Gallium 31
Indium 49
Thallium 81
Lead 82Poor conductor of electricity and heat.
Nihonium 113
Flerovium 114
Tennessine117Synthetic, metalloid in the halogen group

Transition Metals

The transition metals are characterized by having partially filled ‘D’ or ‘F’ electron subshells. Since the shell is incompletely filled and there is very little energy difference between the subshells, the electrons can jump from one subshell to another. Thus they can display multiple oxidation states. Due to their vacant orbitals, they form coordination bonds and often produce colored complexes.

The ‘D’ block metals are:

Metal NameAtomic numberProperties
Titanium22used to make airframes as it is light and can withstand extreme temperatures.
Chromium24used in electroplating
Manganese25used to make dry-cell batteries
Iron 26It is present in the Red blood cells and is used to make many items of daily use.
Copper 29make alloys
Zinc 30For galvanizing iron
Yttrium 39
Zirconium 40
Niobium 41
Silver47Finest conductor of electricity.
Cadmium 48

List of ‘F’ block metals

Metal NameAtomic NumberComment
Lanthanum57lanthanides start from this element
Osmium 76
Platinum78most inert metal
Gold 79
Mercury 80
Actinium 89Actinides start from this element
Roentgenium 111

The lanthanides and actinides are kept separately at the bottom of the periodic table in the first block so as not to disturb the structure of the table.

They display more complex chemical and physical characteristics as they have energetically similar orbitals, so the electrons jump easily within orbitals.

The orbitals are also far away from the nucleus, so electrons are less attracted and this influences their reactivity.

The lanthanides (atomic number 58 to 71) are

Metal NameAtomic numberAny comment
Neodymium 60
Promethium 61
Samarium 62
Europium 63
Gadolinium 64
Terbium 65
Dysprosium 66
Holmium 67
Erbium 68
Thulium 69
Ytterbium 70
Lutetium 71

The actinides (atomic number 90 to 103) are

Metal nameAtomic numberComment
Thorium 90Naturally occurring, radioactive metal
Protactinium 91
Uranium 92
Neptunium 93
Plutonium 94
Americium 95
Curium 96
Berkelium 97
Californium 98
Einsteinium 99
Fermium 100
Mendelevium 101
Nobelium 102
Lawrencium 103


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