Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry | Similarities & Differences

Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry are both separate branches of chemistry.

They are so divided because of basic differences and understanding involved.

Organic chemistry deals with organic compounds while the biochemistry deals with the chemistry inside the living beings.

So organic chemistry is more or less related to chemistry while biochemistry is related to biology.

But when we see the chemical substances involved in both of these subjects, it seems both of them are similar and not different.

Hence we will try to understand the similarities and differences in between both of these subjects.

Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry similarities

The chemical in both of these branches appear to have similar elements in their molecular structure. Also, the molecules show stereochemistry based effects. See more similarities in the table below.

SimilaritiesOrganic chemistryBiochemistry
Molecules studiedCarbohydrates, amino-acids, proteins, lipidsCarbohydrates, amino-acids, proteins, lipids
IsomersKnowledge of isomers is studiedisomer information for molecules is studied
Common elements in moleculesCarbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen.Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus etc.
Chemical reactions are dependent on factors likeHeat, pH, humidity,Temperature, pH, Humidity.

Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry

Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry differences

DifferenceOrganic chemistryBiochemistry
Subject coversStructure, properties of compounds, isomerism, their reactions, synthesis and usesCovers macromolecules, micromolecules in the body, enzymes, their reactions
Elements involved here specificallyAlkylhalides like carbon tetra chloride, aromatics like benzeneCofactors of enzymes having heavy metals, vitamins, enzymes
Application relate toFood, daily chemicals, medicinesliving body functions, clinical diagnosis
Examples of chemical reactionsSN1, SN2 reactions, rearrangement reactions, substitution reactions,Photosynthesis, TCA cycle, Mevalonic acid pathway, Denova pathway etc.
Laboratory reactions includeIdentification, synthesis, extractionsExtractions, identification only. No synthesis is inolved
Pathways of reactionsMostly smaller pathways.Lengthy pathways.

Organic Chemistry and BiochemistryThough the subjects related to each other, the branch of organic chemistry is studied as part of general science while biochemistry is studied for medicine, pharmacy, nursing, botany, zoology etc.


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