A hormone is a chemical messenger that is formed and secreted by some specialized glands.
These glands are called endocrine glands and are formed by secretory cells.
They regulate cell and body physiology.
To have an idea of all the hormones in the body, read the article list of hormones in the body.
The hormones can be differentiated based on the chemical structure, mode of action, organ secreting them, etc.
The different types of hormones
Based on chemical nature, the hormones are divided as
|3||Growth hormone-releasing hormone|
|4||Growth hormone inhibitory hormone (somatostatin)|
|12||Antidiuretic hormone or vasopressin|
|18||Human chorionic gonadotropin|
Peptides, in general, form proteins. Though they are not proteins, they can be considered sub-proteins.
Their structure can be lengthy but is less complex.
Their metabolism leads to the formation of amino acids and then urea.
|7||Atrial natriuretic peptide|
These hormones are chemically steroids and are formed from fats and lipids in the body.
Their metabolism can lead to the formation of fatty acids and ketones.
|1||Dopamine or prolactin-inhibiting factor|
|2||Thyroxine (T4) & triiodothyronine (T3)|
These hormones are made of amines and have a simple chemical structure.
Lack of hormones can lead to hormonal diseases in living beings.
This deficiency may arise mostly due to improper diet, aging, and improper lifestyle.
They are mostly long-standing, and to rectify, they are to be supplemented externally.
Hormones are not limited to humans and animals alone.
There are also hormones in plants, insects, and other smaller living organisms.