10 Examples of Eukaryotic Cells with Pictures

Eukaryotic cells are those cells found in all living beings.

Unlike prokaryotic cells, they have a well-defined nucleus and are considered advanced per evolution theory.

Almost all animals, humans, and plants have eukaryotic cells.

Unlike prokaryotes, these cells have a distinct nucleus that encloses the genetic material enclosed inside them.

They also have differences in the process of protein synthesis, RNA structures, etc.

See for more details on the differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

Typical eukaryotic cell examples include

 1. Somatic cells in all the Animal

All animal cells, starting from protozoa, are eukaryotic in nature.

There are billions of cells that make up the physical body of higher animals.

These include amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, insects, and mollusks, all of which are eukaryotic.

2. Sperm cells

sperm cells
Sperm cells with a tail to swim in the uterus.
  • This is also an animal cell, which is a male gamet having haploid chromosomes.
  • It has an unusual structure that helps it swim in the female uterus after release. This structure helps penetrate and merge into the ova.
  • They are present in all the male animals.

3. Neurons

  • These cells are present in the brain and spinal cord of animals.
  • They help in electrical impulse conduction as a means of control and communication between the body and brain.
  • They are pretty long and branched, forming complex networks.

4. Muscle cells

  • These cells are found in animals and help physically move the body.
  • They are also large compared to normal cells and have many nuclei.

5. Stem cells

  • These cells are germinal and are devoid of any physiology.
  • However, they can transform into another type of cell (totipotent) based on the body’s requirements.

6. Bone cells

  • Unlike other animal cells, these are hard cells with prominent calcification.
  • They are made of calcium and phosphorous, which give them rigidity.

7. Cancer cells

  • These are abnormal animal cells that have profuse multiplication and growth.
cancer cells

9. Plant cells

plant cell

See more on the difference between plant and animal cells.

10. Meristematic cells

  • These cells are present in plants’ tips or apex regions.
  • They multiply and help in the growth of a plant.

11. Ova

  • These cells are germ cells that sperm unite to form a zygote.
  • They are present in female animals.

12. Fungus cells

  • These are multi-cellular organisms that are above bacteria in the evolution tree.
  • They have multiple cells linked to each other as hyphal strands.
  • Each cell of the strand has its own distinct nucleus.

13. Protozoans

amoeba cell
amoeba picture
  • Protozoa are single-cell organisms having eukaryotic characteristics.
  • They perform all their life activities within that single cell.
  • They can also migrate from one place to another and even reproduce using that cell.

See for more on cells in the human body and types of cells.

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