Category Archives for "Science"

Transportation in plants for Water and Food Supply

Transportation in plants

In humans and other animals, the transport of substances occurs due to circulatory system. In unicellular organisms, the transport within the cell occurs by cytoplasmic movements or by diffusion. But, transportation in plants is quite different. They have no circulatory system yet, the substances have to move to distant places. Water, plant growth regulators, minerals, […]

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Applications of Gas Chromatography | 5 Major Uses

applications of gas chromatography

Gas chromatography is one of the widely used analytical tools. The applications of gas chromatography include Qualitative analysis Testing the purity of compounds To trace impurities Quantitative analysis Determination of a mixture of drugs Isolation and identification of metabolites Identification of compound mixtures. Qualitative analysis: Here the compounds in a given sample are identified. Qualitative […]

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What system removes waste from the body and How

What system removes waste from the body

Kidneys are the vital organs which are involved in the excretion process. But there are also other organs which remove the waste from the body. These organs together constitute the excretory system as Kidneys Skin Lungs Liver Intestine All the above organs are involved in elimination. Elimination involves removal of waste from the body. Kidneys: […]

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Factors affecting transpiration | Both Internal and External

Factors affecting transpiration

Transpiration is the loss of water from the plant surface into the atmosphere. The factors affecting the transpiration include Light Temperature Wind velocity Atmospheric humidity Atmospheric pressure Available water Leaf area Leaf structure Stomatal frequency Root-shoot ratio. Light: Light induces photosynthesis in guard cells¬† leading to sugar synthesis. The osmotic potential increases and the guard […]

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Fluorimetry | Principle, Instrumentation and Applications

Fluorescence spectroscopy

Fluorimetry is a type of spectroscopy which measures the emitted radiation from a substance. This radiation is one which is emitted by the substance when the electrons transit from excited state to ground state. The principle of fluorescence spectroscopy: In UV-Visible spectroscopy, the excitation wavelength is measured. But, here the emission wavelength is measured. When […]

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Uses of Flowers | To Humans, Animals, Plants and Environment

Uses of flowers Vinca Anti cancer drug

There are many uses of flowers which grow on the plants. These include Provide food Source of honey Source of medicine Help in pollination and crop yield Give beauty to nature and surroundings Provide Perfumes and scents Decoration To prepare dyes Insect repellents Support breeding Flowers are the most beautiful structures on the surface of […]

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Azeotropic Distillation | With Two Examples and Applications

Azeotropic Distillation

You might have gone through different types of distillation techniques. Of them azeotropic distillation is quite interesting one. This method is used to separate azeotropic solutions. As per Wikipedia, an azeotrope is a mixture which cannot be separated by simple distillation. In general, most liquid mixtures can be separated by fractional distillation (FD). During the […]

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Redox Titrations | The Experimental steps and Applications

Redox Titrations

Redox titrations involve oxidative reduction reactions. This types of titrations are quite common in usage next to acid-base titrations. As the name indicates, these redox titrations are used to analyze the reducing agents or oxidizing agent. The reaction involves the transfer of electrons, hydrogen or oxygen. The principle of redox titration: The test substance if […]

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Potentiometric titration | Experimental Method and Applications

potentiometric titration

Potentiometric titration is a method of chemical analysis. This technqiue relies on the measurement of electromotive force (EMF) of a solution using a set of indicator and reference electrodes. The potential or EMF of a solution depends on the nature and concentration of the ions of the test substance. The EMF or potential is measured […]

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