Biology is the study of living organisms in the world. These include the plants, animals, and microbes in nature around us. Importance of Biology and its contributions include
- Knowledge of nature.
- Benefits to man.
- Role in medicine.
- Contribution to research
- Safeguard and Conservation of nature
It is broadly divided into two subjects like Botany and Zoology.
This subject has a significant contribution to man and hence it is taught in every educational school. Biology is broadly divided into botany and zoology. Further, it has many diverse branches like microbiology, biochemistry, biotechnology, genetic engineering, etc., for those interested in a deeper knowledge of biology.
Importance of biology in daily life
Knowledge of nature.
The study of biology helps one understand the nature around. One can know what an animal, plant, microbe, etc., is. It also teaches the structure of different parts of plant and animal bodies. It explains the processes like reproduction, metabolism, food collection, etc., in detail.
Benefits to man.
Learning biology can help one understand the benefits of nature to man. We can learn the source of our food, milk, meat, eggs, and other essentials in detail. One can also learn how nature contributes to agriculture, house construction, travel, etc. For centuries man relies on animals for travel.
Role in medicine.
Knowledge of biology helps one understand the concepts of health and disease better. A student gets an idea of what the body is made of, its physiology, etc. This helps to understand the disease state and also chances for improvement. It also helps one understand the useful substances from plants and animals which are used for medicine. Most of the disease conditions find a solution by biological knowledge.
Contribution to research
Biology contributes a great deal to research. Even space exploration and landing on other planets can be done by the use of animals.
Many drugs, engineering, and biomedical studies can be done well by knowledge of biology. The interesting point is that even the destruction capability of powerful bombs was done by the use of animals.
Safeguard and Conservation of Nature
By the knowledge of biology, we can understand the species which are endangered and protect them. This saves them from extinction. Even the soil, forest conservation is possible due to biology.
The study of the plants in botany makes us understand their role in human survival. For details, go through the importance of plants.
Concepts: Biology has many concepts to make it easy for users to understand the vast information.
These concepts include
- Cell and their types, tissues, organs and body systems
- Reproduction etc.
There are also many branches in biology like
- Agriculture Sciences
- Animal husbandry etc.
These branches help us learn the importance of biology and the living organisms around us. Let’s see them in brief.
Biochemistry: This is the branch of biology dealing with the chemistry of animals and plants. It is vast and helps us understand the various physiological processes in the body. Further, it describes the food contents in terms of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, and chemistry and functions in the body.
Microbiology: As the name indicates, it deals with the study of microorganisms. But in a broader sense, it teaches different types of microbes, their control, and also their usage for human benefit. One can learn about the body’s immune defense against microbes, their control by disinfection, and total eradication by sterilization.
In Agriculture: This part of biology helps us learn how to grow crops for food. It helps to learn what is the suitable crop to be grown in a particular region, the soil condition, water, rainfall dependence, etc. This is aimed at providing a sufficient supply of food to the society around.
Forestry: This branch of biology makes us learn about the forest. One can gain knowledge on how to grow, maintain, and protect the forest ecosystems. A detailed understanding of trees, animals, insects, soil, water and diseases is possible.
Animal husbandry: This branch of biology focuses on animals for food and other requirements.
Botany is the one that deals with plants and their characters in detail. In contrast, zoology deals with the structure and functions of animal bodies.
Plant resources provide many basic needs of life like food, clothing, shelter and medicine. Cotton plants are the largest suppliers of fiber used in making cloth.
The medicines from biological sources are inexpensive. Further, they have advantages like better body assimilation, compatibility and low side effects.
The study of animals is vital because it gives us knowledge about the types of animals available, their living habits, food chains, etc. It helps for a better study on animals useful to humans like those which provide food (eggs, milk, honey & meat), which contribute for clothing (wool from sheep), which are dangerous when encountered for man, etc. Some of the animals are useful in making drugs and medicines useful to man. For example, many of the antibodies are prepared by using animals as reservoirs. We can also understand the role of animals in the maintenance and balance of our environment.
Every minute aspect of life is covered in the subject, starting from birth or germination, growth, reproduction, and death.