What to do After Graduation|5 Career Options after college

After college, the question of what to do after graduation arises for many.

Because till then, most of us were guided by parents or well-wishers in terms of career. But, from then suddenly you will be left alone with questions like what do you do or what are you up to, etc.

What to do after graduation

So planning well ahead of what to do after graduation helps one save themselves a lot of agonies.

Be it graduates of common degree courses like science, Commerce and Arts or even professional degrees like Pharmacy, Business administration, Engineering still one cannot have an easy shift into a promising career.

This is due to a change in social and economic trends, and also the requirement of extra skills. We need to adapt to the changes in the working style and means of earnings.
Even I believe that one cannot have financial freedom if he survives on a single source of income. So if you are thinking of full time or part-time options, here are few tips that help you make a decent living after graduation.

Also, you need to remember that to occupy a potential job or position, one needs an extra edge over others. With a change in trends and developments happening around, it is worth having higher qualifications and extra skills to demand growth in your career.

What to do after graduation?

In general, one can think of a job as many do but let us see the possibilities

1) Jobs

2) Higher education (further study)

3) Business


5) Politics….:-) Why not?

The choices are similar to all but options vary based on the type of graduation one has opted for and also his interpersonal skills.

Jobs: Many students focus to end up in a decent job. This seems quite and also achievable by hard work. But we need to see what all jobs are available after a degree and which one will be suitable. There are many people whom I knew got some potential jobs but were left out as they did not feel to bear the pressure inside. So the suitability of a job is also essential for the person. It helps not only you but also the job. If you are not happy doing the job, then you will not fulfill the job responsibility effectively. So we need to opt for a suitable job. So first decide on a career which you think is suitable for you.

A job is one where you work for someone else. It might be a private company or even a government one. You are bound to perform a task at a stipulated time for fixed remuneration. So select jobs based on how you can suit the job needs.

After completing graduation, one can appear for any competitive exams to get into jobs. Both the private sector and government sector prefer exams to sort out candidates based on their intellectual efficiency. In general, graduates of any discipline like arts, science, commerce, engineering, and medicine can try for government positions like civil servants, police, and revenue officials. Though one is from diverse educational backgrounds, they are given proper training to be suitable to take up the job. Government jobs have a tag of being permanent, as one will not be fired for being on excess leave or underperforming unless serious issues rise up.

On the other hand, the private sector offers many jobs. But one will have to be extra performing and time-bound. Any misconduct or underperformance will lead to termination from that position immediately. Private jobs can be obtained based on educational qualifications.

Many companies require financial experts and those with experience in accounting. For this, they hire candidates with a degree in commerce and business administration. On the other hand, a company dealing with science-linked products like chemicals, horticulture, foods, leather, pesticides, textiles, etc, will require graduates from the science stream.

Those companies involved in art, event management, design, and decoration will hire students from an arts background.

Companies involved in construction, architecture, automotive, software, hardware, and medical devices (biomedical engineering) will hire candidates with an engineering background.

While companies involved in medicine, cosmetics, clinical research, microbes, biotechnology, etc will hire candidates with medicine, pharmacy, and science backgrounds.

See the article on Careers In Heath Care for more details.

Government jobs after graduation are common targets for many students. This is because of job security, as one will not be fired from the job.

The common jobs under government are state and civil service exams, banking sector, life insurance and office posts in any government-run organizations.  These jobs require a degree with proper writing,  reading, and analysis skills as eligibility criteria to appear for selection.

Based on graduation type, those with a bachelor of commerce can opt for an accountant, statistician, teacher, etc. Those with a bachelor’s in art or law can take up jobs as public relation officer, social services, legal advisers to the government, etc.

Science graduates can opt for various departments of science concerned with food control, agriculture, surveys, civil supplies, etc.

But as common eligibility, all graduates can opt for government jobs related to administration, revenue departments, and registrations by qualification through an exam.

Higher studies: Many students opt for higher education in a related field. This gives them an edge in placements and also promotions. But they can opt for some courses only based on their subjects like

what to do after graduation in science

If one has a bachelor of science in MATHS, PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY, etc., they can opt for a master’s in physics, chemistry, maths, or biology (zoology+botany).
Besides, they can opt for related specialization in microbiology, biochemistry, fermentation technology, computers, electronics, etc.
The courses are offered as M.S depending on the university concerned.
If they are interested in research, they may further go for Ph.D.

Check out for more study opportunities after graduation in science.

What to do after graduation in commerce;

Commerce graduates can go for master’s in the financing, taxation, governance, statistics, accounting, etc.

Also, they are eligible for an MBA (master of business administration), bachelor’s, or Masters in education.

What to do after graduation in arts;

One having a bachelor of arts can opt for Masters in Art like in education, English, psychology. public relations etc.

Arts subjects can be categorized into professional and non-professional courses. Courses like psychology, performing arts, journalism, and gemmology can be considered professional courses as they directly lead to some form of regular employment. While others like languages, social, public relations can be non-professional type. But one can find jobs in these courses in the fields of teaching and research. Further, one can opt for higher studies like Masters in Law, MBA., Ph.D., etc.

Also, all the graduates are eligible for an MBA (master of business administration) and bachelor’s and master’s in education for change in career.

What to do after graduation in engineering

Engineering is one of the professional courses and one can opt for related professional jobs or take up busyness like government contracts or go into academics and research. Engineering has grown into many disciplines. And graduation in engineering one has always a chance to go into many fields like the automotive sector, software, hardware, metallurgy, mining, construction, etc. A person with talent always finds his career promising in the field. Many with Engineering and business management degrees find to be promising in terms of salary.

After graduation in a bachelor of computer  application

BCA is a graduation course designed with the computers and software sector in mind. The graduates find the scope of jobs in computer hardware and software fields. One can opt for higher education like MCA and research leading to a Ph.D. Higher education helps to get into academics and research institutes of government and private sector. Having skills in software languages can lead to promising jobs in the software sector.

Some courses which can be done by anyone after graduation include event management, MBA, journalism, hotel management, etc.

Business: Further after college instead one can go into business if they have workable ideas.

For students of engineering, there are entrepreneurial cells on their own campuses to get start-up grants for investment.

For other graduates also there are government schemes to help get investment for starting small businesses.

Even banks can render loans for an investment of any sort if there is some security in most cases.

Freelancer: Freelancing has become famous recently after the boom of internet income. There are many opportunities in freelancing for those with excellent skills. Unlike jobs, there are fewer chances of being under constant stress. They can find their own job and execute for nominal pay. Their assignments are always limited and time-bound. So they can take up a new one regularly.

For you to find a job, go and signup for a website like Freelancer.com and elance.com.

These freelance works can be done on a part-time basis even besides studying.

Politics: In some counties, politics need no education to get into, while some countries need a graduate at least. Politics is a place that seems to be competitive and confusing. But interestingly, many people with smartness do very well in politics. After all, politics is the one that forms a government to rule the nation. So one can think in terms of it if they have no interest in a job or busyness.

In the current situation, one can always find a job or promising work due to growth in markets and the economy. Just make a genuine effort.

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    • @Anirban Chakraborty! You can opt for M.Sc in horticulture, even MBA for job options in private sector.Also you may try to write state and central level civil service exams. If interested in research you may follow up with M.Sc in any discipline of biology and go for PhD.


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